Oilseed Crops Section
Oilseed crops occupy about 17% of the total cultivared mand in Myanmar. Myanmar depends mainly on groundnut, sesame and sunflower for edible oil, and consequently the division is concentrating its research on the improvement of yield and quality of those crops. Niger and safflower, are also included in the program as minor oilseed crops.
The objectives of the division are to develop improved varieties of groundnut, sesame and sunflower through varietal improvement programs and to generate new agro-techniques for these crops.
With the objectives of improving tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses, developing short duration and improving better confectionary types, varietal improvement program of groundnut is under progress.
Sunflower research is being carried out along with the objectives of improving seed quality, shortening maturity period and increasing productivity for all maturity groups.
Sunflower research activities are being implemented to maintain and produce good yielding open pollinated varieties as well as to develop hybrid sunflower.
Minor oilseed crop research program is being pursued to develop early maturing varieties with photo-insensitive trait for niger and to develop spinless varieties with good yield for safflower.
The section products foundation seed of the three main oilseed crops for the Seed Division. The section is also carrying out agro-techniques, fertilizer and plant protection experiments on groundnut, sesame and sunflower in cooperation with concerned divisions and with DAR satellite farms.
The section has released seven improved varieties of groundnut, four sesame, two open pollinated and one hybrid sunflower, one niger and one safflower for commercial production.
Improved varieties of groundnut, sesame and sunflower have now covered approximately 20%, 40% and 5% respectively of total cultivated areas concerned.
Groundnut research and development activities are being carried out in collaboration with ICRISAT.
A high yielding hybrid sunflower variety has been successfully developed and released in 2001-2002. It covered over 2000 acres in 2002-2003 and 4625 acres in 2003-2004. It is projected to produce hybrid sunflower seed for 10000 acres in 2004-2005. Parental line seed increase is mainly done at DAR and Tatkon research farm. F1 seed production is being carried out in Tatkon, Sibin and Chaungmagyi farms.