Biotechnology Research Section
Plant Biotechnology Section emphasizes on plant biotechnology and yield oriented physiological research on major crop species. The main objectives of this division are: (a) to conduct applied and its related basic research in the area of cell and tissue culture techniques applicable to agriculture (b) to promote research and development of DNA technologies in crop breeding, (c) to study physiological aspects of productivity in major field crops.
Current research activities include double haploid breeding, In-vitro nuclear technique and In-vitro selection, In-vitro multiplication and somatic embryogenesis. Plant growth and development attributed to yield increase in rice, food legumes and sesame is being studied. Major achievements include development of a short-duration up-land rice cultivar; salt tolerant mutant lines of rice; mass production techniques of banana, pineapple, strawberry and orchid; somatic embryogenesis of mango and oilpalm; physiological role of Molybdenum and Nickel on yield increase in food legumes and role of plant growth regulators and growth retardants on rice and sesame.
Tissue Culture Based Technology
- Identification of the anther culture response of highly Indicarice genotypes.
- Advanced micropropagation with the use of somatic embryogenesis in mango and oil palm.
- Identification of in vitro multiplication protocol on coffee.
- Mass propagation of banana, medicinal orchid and sugarcane.
- In vitro germplasm conservation of banana, potato and tuber crops.
- – Improvement of high quality and marketable banana variety by using tissue culture and mutation technique.
Molecular Biology Based Technology
- Genetic diversification of sugarcane, maize and groundnut
- Development of bacterial leaf blight resistance and submergence tolerancein Rice by using marker assisted breeding
- Investigation of promising maize variety carrying Opaque-2 gene
- Identification of molecular markers linked to Yellow Mosaic Virus (YMV) resistant gene in Black Gram
- Identification of rice germplasm carrying salt tolerant gene by using molecular markers
- Development of Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV) resistance in tomato by using marker assisted selection